Skin Grafting & Flaps India
A skin flap consists of skin with fat and other structures that has it’s own blood supply. It is thicker than skin graft. It is a piece of tissue with an artery and vein. This flap is used in reconstructive surgery by setting it into a recipient site, which is generally a defect.
Generally, the flap is comprised of skin and fatty tissue only, but may also have muscle, bone, tendon or nerve from the donor site .
The donor site is the area from which the flap is raised, and the recipient site is the site to which the flap is inset. Recipient site is properly prepared prior to flap transfer. Then we evaluate the recipient site requirements. Then the requirements for color, texture, thickness, size, and any specialized function etc necessary to achieve functional and cosmetic objectives are assessed. Also we have to consider patient-related factors such as previous surgery in area of flap, trauma, radiation, and patient’s overall health & nutrition status.
Skin grafting involves the transplantation of skin in same person from one part (generally thigh) to another. It involves transfer of a superficial portion of the skin to a wound. This skin does not have its own source of blood flow.
Skin grafting is often used to treat:
- Extensive wounding or trauma
- Burns area
- Areas of extensive skin loss due to infection such as necrotizing fasciitis.
- Specific surgeries that may require skin grafts.